You are currently viewing What are Vitamins ,Types of Vitamin ( Vitamin K, A, D, E ,B, C)
Vitamins are the organic compound which is essential for normal human Metabolism. That is must be needed in small quantities in the diet. Most of the vitamins come from Natural foods.

What are Vitamins?

Now we Give you details about What are Vitamins, Types of Vitamin ( Vitamin K, A, D, E, B, C)

Vitamins are the organic compound which is essential for normal human Metabolism. That is must be needed in small quantities in the diet. Most of the vitamins come from Natural foods. They cannot be synthesized into the body but they occur in natural foods and available in pills

Vitamin has contained carbon because of its an organic compound. If we have not taken enough vitamin so we have cause certain medical condition.

“Word Origine of Vitamin”

Vit From Latin Vita LIFE and Amin from AMINE.this name is Given By Casimir Funk, Who believe in Substance is Amines.


Vitamins are classified by their solubility. Its two types one is “Fat soluble” and the second is “Water soluble”.fat soluble means that vitamin dissolves in fats. and water-soluble means which vitamins dissolve in water.

Fat soluble vitamin 

  1. Vitamin A
  2. Vitamin -D
  3. Vitamin-K
  4. Vitamin-E

Water-soluble vitamins

  1. Vitamin B1 (Thiamine)
  2. Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)
  3. Vitamin B3 (Niacin)
  4. Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid)
  5. Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)
  6. Vitamin B7 (Biotin)
  7. Vitamin B12 (cobalamin)
  8. Vitamin B9 (Folic Acid)

Fat Soluble (A, D, E, K)

These vitamins are stored in the body for prolonged time periods Except vitamin K. and Fat-soluble vitamin are store in the fatty tissue of the body and liver. Vitamin A, D, E & K. These are easily stored as compared to water soluble. The fat-soluble vitamin is absorbed through the intestinal track with the help of fats and lipids.

Water Soluble ( B-Complex, C )

These are store for short time periods. Water-soluble does not stay for a long time into the body. Excess is excreted with little chance of toxicity. Vitamin C and Vitamin B are water soluble.



Vit. A is fat-soluble vitamins and it occurs in natural and several forms. Vitamin A is unsaturated alcohol contains an ionone ring.and its most important for vision, Reproduction and immune system.they also help to lungs, kidneys, heart.

Chemical Name-Retinol, Retinal, Retinoic acid, Beta carotenes.

Source -Marin Fish (Shark, Cod, halibut ), Egg, Butter, carrot, Milk, Yolk, cod liver oil, broccoli, sweet potato.

Deficiency- Night blindness, Keratomalacia, an Eye disorder.


Vitamin D is fat soluble. its a naturally present in food but few foods. Vitamin D is obtained from the sun Lights. However, vitamin D synthesized by our body when sunlight hits our body. its also know as Calcidiol.


Chemical Name -Cholecalciferol, Ergocalciferol.

Source– Through Sunlight, Mushroom, Fatty fish, Beef Liver.

Deficiency – Rickets, Osteomalacia.

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Vitamin E

Vitamin E is dissolved in Fat. It is an antioxidant, it means they protect body tissue to damage. Vitamin E is important for the formation of red blood cells.  Vitamin E is needed to help keep the immune system strong.

Chemical Name-Tocopherols, Tocotrienol

Source– Almond, Avocado, Nuts, Green leafy vegetables, Egg, Milk.

Deficiency– Haemolytic anemia in the newborn baby.

Vitamin K

Vitamin K is a fat-soluble vitamin. Its help to make your body healthy bone and tissues.and its also to help to blood clotting.if you don’t have enough vitamin K so your body bleeds too much.

Chemical Name– Phylloquinone, Menaquinones.

Source– Parsely contain more vitamin K, Avocado, Kiwi Fruits, Green leafy vegetable.

Deficiency-Causes Bleeding.

Vitamin B

Vitamin B is Water soluble its an 8 types

  1. Vitamin B1 (Thiamine)
  2. Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)
  3. Vitamin B3 (Niacin)
  4. Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid)
  5. Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)
  6. Vitamin B7 (Biotin)
  7. Vitamin B12 (cobalamin)
  8. Vitamin B9 (Folic Acid)


Vitamin B1

vitamin B1 is a water-soluble and B-complex vitamin. It is essential for Glucose Metabolism and its play a very important role in heart, muscles and nerve functions. Thiamin is a help to convert carbohydrate, fats, and protein into energy.

Chemical Name-Thiamine

Source-Beef, whole grain, Yeast, Cauliflower, Potato Orange.

Deficiency-Beriberi, Anorexia

Vitamin B2

Vitamin B2 is a water-soluble and B-complex vitamin. It’s important for human health.vitamin b2 helps to breakdown protein, fats, and carbohydrates. Riboflavin helps to convert carbohydrate to ATP (Adino triphosphate ). ATP produces energy. and it occurs from foods. ATP helps to store energy into muscles. Its help to support eye health.

Chemical Name -Riboflavin

Source -Milk, Meat, Egg, fish, Nuts, Green vegetables, Avocado, Dairy Product.

Deficiency – Ariboflavinosis

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Vitamin B3

Vitamin B3 is also known as Nicotinic acid. It’s essential for human growth. the high amount of niacin is can improve the cholesterol level. Vitamin B3 is a combination of 3 chemical Nicotinic acid and nicotinamide. Our body can not become a vitamin B3.

Chemical Name-Niacin and Nicotinic acid, niacinamide.

Source- Soya milk, Cooked Potatoes, Pumpkins Seeds, Cottage Cheese.

Deficiency– Vitamin B3 Deficiency can cause the condition of “Pellagra”. This affects the digestive systems, skin, and nervous system.

Vitamin B5

Vitamin B5 is water-soluble and also called pantothenic acid. The pantothenic comes from the Greek “Pontu” which mean everywhere  its convert food into glucose and they synthesizing the’s naturally found in many foods.

Chemical Name– Pantothenic acid and pantothenate.

Source – Fish (Salmon, Shellfish), Dairy Product, Mushrooms, avocado, broccoli, cauliflower, Tomatoes, etc.

Deficiency – Vitamin B5 Deficiency found rarely in people because pantothenic acid generally found in all foods.

symptoms of deficiency similar to vitamin B example- Irritability, nausea, vomiting Depression, Stomach pain, tiredness, sleep disorder.

Vitamin B6

Vitamin B6 is water-soluble and the group of Vitamin B.Its also known as pyridoxine.and the Pyridoxine is a help to produce red blood cells (Hemoglobin). Pyridoxine helps the metabolism of protein and glucose. Vitamin B6 also helps to keep the healthy of lymph nodes, and spleen.its help to improve the performance of the brain.

Chemical Name– Pyridoxine, Pyridoxamine, Pyridoxal.

Source – Beef Liver, Roasted Chicken Breast, Banana, Tofu, Broun rice, Avocado, Carrots, Soybean, Potatoes, Milk, Whole grains, etc.

Deficiency -Deficiency occurs rarely. The symptoms of vitamin B deficiency are Depression, confusions,  muscles pain, fatigue, etc.

Vitamin B7

Vitamin B7 is water-soluble.and they found in a small amount in many foods.its also known as biotin and vitamin H.The body cannot synthesize vitamin b7 so the diet needs to supply.its help to adrenal function.biotin is essential for the metabolism of carbohydrates and fats.

Chemical Name- Biotin

Source -Peanuts, yeast, salmon, bananas, wheat bread, avocado, cauliflowers, mushrooms, sardines, etc.

Deficiency– Hair loss, Dry eyes, Loss of appetite, Nerve damage, brittle nails, inflammation of the intestine.

Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12 is water-soluble and group B vitamin. Its play an important role in the formation of blood cells, DNA production, Nerve function, and Cell production.and its synthesize of fatty acid. vitamin B12 help to the production of’s important for brain function.

Chemical Name – Cobalamine, Cyanocobalamin, Hydroxocobalamine, Methylcobalamine.

Source – Fish, Meat, Egg, Beef, Dairy Product.

Deficiency – Anemia and Neurological dificulties.


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Folic Acid (Vitamin B9)

Folic acid is water-soluble and a group of Vitamin and they also called as Vitamine B9. It is naturally found in foods. Folic acid is used for preventing low blood levels of folate. vitamin B9 is making red blood cells. its synthesis the DNA and RNA.

Chemical Name-Folic Acid, Folinic acid.

Source -Broccoli, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Asparagus, Milk, Orange, Pease, Sunflower Seeds, Egg yolk, etc.

Deficiency – Anemia,

Vitamin C

Vitamine C is water soluble. and it also called ascorbic acid. it’s very important for health. Vitamin c plays the role of the production of collagen, L-carnitine and some neurotransmitter. Its metabolize the proteins. Vitamin C has antioxidant properties. its occur naturally in some foods especially fruits and vegetables.


Chemical Name– Ascorbic acid, L-ascorbic acid

Source – Fruits and Vegetables, kakadu plump, guava etc.

Deficiency – Megabolistic anemia.



Vitamin is an organic component and is very important for health. Vitamins play an important role in human metabolism. in a Small amount vitamin required daily into the diet because. they cannot be synthesized into the body but they found in Natural foods

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